Hives In Toddlers Causes And Treatment

Hives In Toddlers

Urticaria hives affect people of all ages, races and sexes. They can appear anywhere in the body as slightly raised patched wheals of red bumpy swellings, spots or big blotches. They usually itch but can also burn and sting. The causes for itchy hives can be food allergies, drug allergies, insect bites, and physical stimulus like direct injury or physical pressure, environmental triggers like cold, heat or sunlight.

Hives in toddlers are usually acute (range from a day to six weeks) and can be very distressing for their parents. Some children have fixed hives which means the allergic reaction recurs at same place on the body. In this case, usually the child has a trigger like an allergy to a particular substance that causes the skin reaction. A good fixed hives remedy is to keep a diary and to note down the possible allergens that are triggering the reaction and avoiding their contact with the child. Also, observe how the rash is responding to heat, cold, sun exposure. Hives in toddlers can also be the reason for underlying skin condition like mastocytosis (presence of many inflamed mast cells in the skin).

Studies show that vitamin D deficiency can increase the risk of allergies and might cause hives in toddlers. So, it is always advisable to check for any nutritional deficiencies in the child and discuss providing appropriate supplementation with the child’s doctor. Hives in toddlers are also caused by virus infections and so maintaining clean environment is vital.

Over the counter anti-histamines are available for treating hives in toddlers, but it is always advisable to consult the child’s doctor before taking any medication. Hives are usually not life threatening, but if the child has difficulty breathing, immediate medical care should be provided.

Hives can also appear in infants and are often confused with mosquito bites. Viruses and allergies can be cause for infant hives. Infant allergies can be confused for general cold or flu. A qualified pediatrician should be consulted if symptoms such as runny nose, vomiting, diarrhea, coughing persists. Infant allergies are difficult to identify and so care should be taken to provide the right treatment.

Avoiding the triggers, taking the prescribed anti-histamines that block the action of histamine (chemical substance that cause skin allergic reaction), cleanliness are usually the best remedies for hives prevention.