Types of Acne: Introductory Guide

Types of Acne

Types of acne are graded by dermatologists by severity, affected areas and many other factors. Dermatologists currently recognize four major grades of acne. Based on a specific grade and types of acne an appropriate treatment is prescribed.

Grade # 1 of acne is characterized by very insignificant appearance of blackheads, whiteheads (milia) and occasional breakouts. Teenagers, young adults and individuals of virtually all ages can be diagnosed with this type of acne. No special treatment is required and you can try any over the counter treatment for acne prone skin. Using only oil free moisturizers and non-comedogenic make up helps keep mild acne at bay. Paying special attention to your skin care regimen can benefit virtually all types of acne.

Grade # 2 is more worrisome and might require a trip to a doctor if the condition of your skin worsens. With this particular type of acne, you will notice more blackheads that may eventually turn to inflamed blemishes. Acne vulgaris treatment might require topical application of salicylic acid products, acne face washes and water based humectants. Do not over wash your face in hopes to get rid of acne. Stripping your skin of natural oils will lead to even more oil production and more acne.

Grade # 3 is considered even more serious. Visiting your dermatologist is a must to prevent significant acne scarring especially if you try to squeeze your acne on your own. Acne nodules are formed which are much harder to treat and require a serious systemic approach including oral acne medication.

Grade # 4 is the most severe. Cystic deep acne infection spreads deep into the skin leading to unsightly scarring. Some patients diagnosed with grade # 4 acne have significant areas of the body covered by acne cysts, including chest, back, arms and face. Cystic acne treatments should only be done under your doctor’s supervision. Some of the oral medications for acne are so toxic that you must be put on several forms of birth control to avoid pregnancy.

No matter what types of acne you have, paying a visit to your dermatologist can help you devise a proper skin care regimen and a treatment plan if necessary.